Islamic Ethics: Major Sins
To sin means to disobey Allah and His Prophet (sawa). It means to disobey Islamic laws and its commandments. The grade of disobedience is in relation to the one who is disobeyed. There is a vast difference between disobeying one’s neighbour and disobeying one’s parents, although in both the cases there is disobedience. Viewed in this perspective, all sins can be categorised as major sins because there is no one greater than Allah and his Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and their dissatisfaction is the highest form of dissatisfaction. It is only with the mercy of Allah and His Prophet (s.a.w.s.) that there is easy forgiveness for the creatures.
Sins have been divided into two categories i.e. Major Sins and Minor Sins. One of the main differences between major and minor sins is that once a Muslim commits a major sin he becomes liable to be chastised. While chastisement for a minor sin is only on its repeated performance.
In this lesson we have outlined the major sins. Allah forbid, if we are committing even of one these sins, then we should abandon it immediately and repent and seek forgiveness from Allah. Also, we should seek protection from committing these sins in future.
- To despair from Allah’s mercy
- To consider oneself safe from Allah’s punishment
- Disobeying parents
- Killing a believer
- Slandering a blameless person.
- Usurping an orphan’s wealth
- To flee from the battlefield
- To take false oath on Allah
- Not paying zakat which is due
- Giving false testimony
- Suppressing the truth
- Consuming alcohol
- Leaving obligatory prayers
- Violating the pledge
- To sever relations
- Migrating to a place where one’s religion is harmed
- Disobeying any command of Allah
- Attributing falsehood towards Allah, Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and Ahlul Bait (a.s.)
- Eating a corpse
- Drinking blood
- Eating the flesh of swine
- Eating unlawful meat (which has not been slaughtered in an Islamic manner)
- Eating from unlawful wealth
- Cheating in weighing and measuring things
- Helping the oppressors
- To be inclined toward injustice
- Not giving the due of others
- Pride and arrogance
- Considering Hajj lightly
- Fighting against the friends of Allah
- Being involved in play and fun
- To facilitate adultery (even if one does not commit it himself or herself)
- Accusing a believer falsely
- Abusing and disgracing a believer
- Considering a sin to be insignificant and repeating it
(Minhaajus Saaleheen, vol 1, pg 10, 12, 22nd edition)
O Allah, for the sake of Imam-e-Asr (a.t.f.s.), give us the taufeeq to abstain from all major and minor sins.