Islamic Practical Laws: Namaz
1) Obligatory acts of namaz
Bismillah Hir Rahma Nir Raheem
‘In the name of Allah-the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful’
Qul Howallaho Ahad
“Say: He, Allah is One”
Allah hus Samad
‘Allah is He on Whom all depend’
Lam Yalid wa lam yulad
‘He begets not, nor is He begotten’
Wa lam ya kulla hu kufuan Ahad
‘And none is like Him’.
2) Recitation in the ruku
Subhana rabbiyal azeeme’ wa be hamdehi
‘Glorified is My Lord who is Exalted and Pure from all kinds of defects and we praise Him’.
Or 3 times – Subhanallah
Glorified is Allah
3) Recitation in the prostration
Subhana rabbiyal aa’la wa be hamdehi
‘Glorified is My Lord who is the Highest and Pure and we praise Him.’
or 3 times – Subhanallah
Glorified is Allah
Ash hado an la elaha illallaho wahdahu la shareeka lahu. Wa ash hado anna Mohammadan abdohu wa rasulohu.
‘I bear witness that there is no God except Allah and that there is no partner for Him. And I bear witness that Mohammed is His servant and His messeenger
Allahumma salle ala Mohammadin wa aale Mohammed
“O Allah! Send blessings on Muhammad and his progeny’.
Subhanallahe wal hamdo lillahe wa la ilaha illallaho wallaho akbar
‘Glorified is Allah, and All praise is (only) for Allah, and there is no God except Allah and Allah is the Greatest.’
Assalamo alayka ayyohan nabiyyo was rahmatullahe wa barakatohu
“Salutations upon you O Prophet! And (also) Allah’s Mercy and bounties”.
Assalamo alayna wa ala ebadillahis saleheen
“Salutations upon us. And the virtuous servants of Allah”.
Assalamo alaykum wa rahmatullahe wa barakatohu
“Salutations upon you and Allah’s mercy and His bounties”.
4) It is obligatory upon every person who is mature and upon whom the laws of Islam are applicable, that he should learn namaz so as to avoid mistakes. However, if due to some reason, a person is unable to memorise the (zikr of) namaz in a correct manner, then too he should recite the namaz to the best of his ability. Namaz should not be forsaken under any circumstances.
5) It is obligatory upon man to recite Surae Hamd and the second Sura in a loud voice in the namaz of Subh, Maghrib and Isha. And it is obligatory on both, men and women, to recite Surae Hamd and the second Sura in a low voice in the namaz of Zohr and Asr. Besides this in the third and fourth rakat of namaz, Surae Hamd or Tasbeehaate Arbaa should be recited in a low voice by both men and women.
6) Rules pertaining to bowing (ruku)
- In every rakat of namaz, after reciting Surae Hamd and another Sura, a person should bow to such an extent that he is able to rest his hands on his thighs. This is known as ‘Ruku’. And a person can go into ruku only from the standing position (qiyam).
- After completing the recitation of ruku, the person should stand up erect and after the body has become steady, he should go for prostration. If intentionally, he goes into prostration before standing erect or before the body attains steadiness, then the namaz will be void (batil).
- If a person intentionally recites the zikr of ruku or sajdah while his body is in motion or raises his head from the ruku or sajdah even before he has completed the entire recitation, then his namaz is void (batil).