Islamic Practical Laws: Laws related to Sajdah

Here is a simple explanation of the laws relating to Sajdah

  1. While prostrating in namaz, the worshipper should rest his forehead, both the palms and the knees and both the large toes on the ground.
  2. After completing the zikr of the first prostration, the worshipper should rise from prostration till his body is steady, and then perform the second prostration.
  3. While performing prostration, the forehead should be placed on the earth or on those objects, which grow from the earth but are not edible (i.e. cannot be eaten). It is not correct to perform prostration on things, which are used as food or dress, or on those things, which are extracted from mines.
  4. The object on which the worshipper performs prostration should be pure.
  5. It is absolutely prohibited to prostrate for anyone other than Allah, the Almighty. Some visitors to the shrines of the infallibles (a.s.) place their forehead on the earth before the graves. If this is done to thank Allah then there is no harm in it, otherwise it is haraam.
  6. The are four surahs (chapters) in the Quran that have a verse wherein prostration is obligatory on the reciter and the listeners viz.,
    • Surah-e-Fusselat verse 38
    • Surah-e-Najm verse 62
    • Surah-e-Sajdah verse 15
    • Surah-e-Alaq verse 19
      These four chapters have a verse of obligatory prostration. Whenever a person recites or hears the verse, he should prostrate immediately after the verse ends. If he forgets to perform it at that moment, he should do it as and when he remembers.

Rules for Sahw (forgotten acts)

  1. If one forgets any act of namaz and starts the subsequent act, then till he has not entered the rukn (fundamental) of namaz and he remembers it, then he should get back to the forgotten act and perform it. But if he has already started the rukn of namaz, he cannot return to the forgotten act. If that forgotten act is a rukn of namaz (like sajdah, ruku), then his namaz is batil (void). Otherwise his namaz is in order.
  2. On the following occasions one should perform two prostrations of sahw
    • If a person forgetfully talks during namaz.
    • If he has recited salaam at the wrong place.
    • If he has forgotten one prostration.
    • If he has forgotten tashahud.
  3. The method of performing Sajda-e-Sahw is that immediately after the salaam of the namaz, one should make the intention of performing the Sajdah. He should place his forehead on an object on which it is permissible to prostrate. He should then recite the following: (Complete)However, it is better to recite (Complete)

    Then he should raise his head from prostration, sit up and then perform another prostration and recite either of the above zikr. After performing the second prostration he should sit up and recite tashahhud and salaam.