Islamic Practical Laws: Congregational prayers
Offering obligatory prayers and especially the five daily prayers in congregation is highly recommended and offering dawn, dusk and night prayers in congregation has been specially stressed for those persons, who live near a masjid or hear Azaan (call for prayers) being announced from it.
- It is not permissible to miss the congregational prayers without a valid reason, and it is not proper to abandon congregational prayers without a justifiable excuse.
- The Imam of the congregational prayers should be adult, sane, an Isna Ashari Shia, just (Adil) and legitimate and should offer the prayers correctly. Furthermore if the other worshippers in the congregation are male then the Imam too should be a male.
- If the other worshippers learn after the prayers, that certain necessary qualities were not present in the Imam, or that due to some reason the Imam’s Namaz has become void, then the Namaz of those who prayed behind him will not become void but will be valid.
- It is necessary for the other worshippers to recite all the zikr of the prayers themselves, except in the first and second rakat when they should not recite Sura-e-Hamd and the other Sura. On behalf of the worshippers it is sufficient that the Imam recites Sura-e-Hamd and the other Sura.
The other worshippers should recite Takbiratul Ehram (Allaho Akbar) after the Imam recites the same. The ruku and prostration should be performed with the Imam or a little after him. But it is not necessary that the remaining parts of Namaz should be performed after the Imam performs them.
- It is the duty of every Muqallaf (sane and mature person) to learn Namaz so that he does not pray it incorrectly. But if due to some reason the person cannot learn Namaz correctly, then he should pray Namaz in whatever way possible, but should not abandon Namaz under any condition.
It is obligatory for men to recite Sura-e-Hamd and the other Sura with a raised voice while offering morning, Maghrib and Esha prayers. It is also wajib to recite Sura-e-Hamd and the other Sura silently in Zohr and Asr prayers. In the third and fourth rakat of all prayers, either Sura-e-Hamd or Tasbihaat-e-Arbaa should be recited in a low voice. For women, all Namaz should be recited in a low voice.